In the ancient science of language ( “grammar”) studied only the native language of your scientist, but not other people’s languages; studied languages ??and prestigious intellectual culture, and living spoken language from the individuals (as well as additional illiterate illiterate nations) remained outside the sphere of interest of scientists. Until the 19th century. the science of language has been prescriptive (normative), trying to not describe the living language, spoken and given the rules by which “should” speak (and write). Linguistics incorporates observation; registration in addition to a description with the facts of speech; hypotheses to clarify these information; formulation of hypotheses inside the form of theories and models that describe the language; their experimental verification and refutation; prediction of verbal behavior.